Sons of Abraham? Cultivated Olive Tree? Israel of God?

Are Gentile believers members of the commonwealth of Israel?  Who was grafted into the cultivated olive tree of Romans 11?

Paul wrote that a true Jew is one inwardly with a circumcised heart. Is circumcision a matter of the heart, by the Spirit, and not by the letter? Is the inward Jew a member of the cultivated olive tree?

In the epistle to the Romans, Paul writes, “Not all who are descended from Israel are Israel.” Is the Israel that Paul talks about the same Israel as the cultivated olive tree?

In the epistle to the Ephesians, Paul writes about a mystery—that through the gospel the Gentiles are heirs together with Israel, members together of one body, and sharers together in the promise in Christ Jesus. Is this one body the cultivated olive tree?

Jesus said He has two folds and they will become one flock. Is the one flock of Jesus the cultivated olive tree?

Is there a spiritual Israel?  What do you call the body of glorified saints who will rule and reign with Christ on earth?  Are the glorified saints members of the cultivated olive tree?

Is the cultivated olive tree the Israel of God?

In Isaiah 49 the Messiah is referred to as Israel.  Because gentile believers are in the Messiah, does that make them members of the Israel of God?

Are the sons of Abraham the Israel of God?  Who are the sons of Abraham?

The sons of Abraham, counted righteous by faith, comprise the cultivated olive tree; they are Jew & Gentile—the “Israel of God…”  The eternal covenant community of YHWH…  The bride of Christ…  The saints of the Most High God.

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